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ABSTRACTS AND INFORMATION ABOUT AUTHORS

Section: Innovative Economy

Makharadze N. Innovative busuness – „start-up georgia” at the present stage(p.9-12)

At the present stage, the formation of start-up and promotion of beginner enterprises is an important factor for developing innovative economic. The aim of the program in our country is to support those young generations who can think innovatively and have entrepreneurship ideas to receive high-level international practical knowledge and this in future will help them to format companies of global importance. Beginner (start-up) enterprisers, who do not have sufficient funds to start or develop the business, they are given the chance to transform their ideas into concrete business.

The government initiates to support the program of beginner enterprises, jointly with the Partnership Foundation and The Innovative and Technology agency. Nowadays, Georgia has 70 winners in the innovative and high technological component. The authors of the projects are working on to develop their ideas. The main criteria of the evaluation were considered the quality of innovation, the potential of entering the global market, attractive products for venture investment, the competence of the team and etc.

Keywords: Start-up, Innovative business, „Start-up Georgia“, Criteria, Project, The Innovative agency.

Makharadze Nanuli - Doctor of Business Administration. Assistant Professor of Batumi Shota Rustaveli Shtate University. Georgia, Batumi

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Section: Innovative Economy

Mamuladze G., Beridze N. Problems and prospects of e-stores development in Georgia

The article presents the Electronic-business development trends in the world. It also provides Georgian Electronic Stores in the classification depending on the types of goods and services. The paper deals with development problems of Georgian electronic stores. The creation of the Internet network, and rapid development of information technology, systems and advancing their interactions led new directions formation of E-business. Business activity in the Internet is much effective than traditional business activities. For companies, operating business using the internet means transferring the business activities in the electronic network. The company uses traditional methods by using e-business and adds them virtual opportunities. Major direction of E-business are electronic stores, which largely determine its development and growth dynamics. It should be noted that the development of electronic stores in Georgia is revealed by its problems related signs, when around developed countries, namely the United States and the European Union it is defined by the accumulation of experiences and achievements in the context of the analysis.

Keywords: e-stores, e-business, technologies, communication, mobile device.

Mamuladze Gela - PhD in Economics, Professor at Business Administration department, Batumi Shota Rustaveli State University. Georgia, Batumi

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Beridze Natia - MBA, Invited teacher, Batumi Shota Rustaveli State University. Georgia, Batumi

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Section: Innovative Economy

Sarkhanidze N. influence of logistics on enterprise competitiveness

The article discusses the contribution of logistics in the efficient operation of the company and the possibility of increasing the competitiveness of enterprise through the formation of logistics system of the organization.  It reveals positive aspects of logistics and the necessity of creation of the logistics department in the organization, the purpose is to control material flows at all stages of their movement.

Keywords:logistics, competitiveness, logistics concept.

Nato Sarkhanidze - Batumi State  Maritime  Academy, Teacher. Georgia, Batumi

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Section: Innovative Economy

N. Kharadze., E. Gulua - Time management peculiarities of Batumi Shota Rustaveli state university ma students

Proper usage of the time, leisure time management and healthy lifestyle is basic of preparingvaluable work force. Their physical and mental condition depends on proper time management.

The article presents the time management research of MA students’ of Batumi Shota Rustaveli State university. 

The object of our study was wholly 523 MA students in Georgia. The questionnaire consisted of 37 questions with 117 possible answers. The results of this research are processed by "SPSS Statistics" program. It was the first time that such a large scale research had been conducted in Georgia.

The study has revealed peculiarities of real self-management culture in real and potential labor resources; Based on the analysis the relevant recommendations were developed.

Keywords:Time, management,research ,  MA student, leisure time, self-management

Natalia Kharadze - PhD in Economics, Associated Professor, Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University. Georgia, Tbilisi

Ekaterine Gulua - PhD in Economics, Assistant Professor, Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University. Georgia, Tbilisi.

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Section: Innovative Economy

Kh. Gorgiladze - Discretionary powers principles bureaucratic management system

The article deals with the management of the bureaucratic system of the essence and meaning, Its positive effects. Webber's bureaucratic system is discussed in view of The bureaucratic system of management of the universal principles.

Also,Attention is drawn to the interesting aspects of the The management and systematic set of rules regardless of the bureaucracy is characterized by the so-called,"Uncertain zone" or discretionary powers, As a decision-maker (the manager) to the alternative method,Which are more convenient.Views on,That the discretionary power of the universal principle of operation of the power relationship.Only when the manager's choice is due to the public interest.

Keywords: Discretionary powers,Bureaucracy, Hierarchical system, The public interest, Responsible institution

Khatia Gorgiladze - Master of public law . Georgia, Batumi

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Section: Sectoral And Regional Economy

R. Manvelidze - The Alternative Possibilities Of Country-Side Development

Here we consider the main tendencies of development of rural areas, existing production spheres, traditional sectors, which nowadays are the main source of income for the population. Also we analyze the main stages of formation of farms in Adjara.

In this article we present the existing potential of the natural, cultural and recreational recourses, abilities of its use and the author’s views concerning its realization. Particularly, the main parameters of reasonability of starting and development of tourist and health resort business are described in this article.

Also we prove reasonability of development of the complex programs of steady development of the rural areas in Adjara and expected socio-economic results, needed natural, intellectual and labor potential, the ways of mobilization of investments, conditions for creation of the appropriate business environment.

Keywords: Stable; Farmer; Cooperative; Complex of Tourist Industry; Industry Structure.

Rezo Manvelidze - Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor Batumi Shota Rustaveli Shtate University, Georgia, Batumi

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Section: Sectoral And Regional Economy

S. Japaridze - Maritime Potential Application Of Some Structural Issues

In this article describes potential of the sea regions, that promotes its economic development. Basic principles, goals, positive and negative aspects of creating Free Economic Zones. As well Dubai is an example of a positive functioning of the Free Economic Zone. Focusing on the Georgia sea potential: Batumi, Poti, Anaklia and Kulevi Sea Port. Following and studied the example potential of the Batumi Sea Port. Batumi Sea Port comparative analysis represents its development trends and opportunities, prospects of the free economic zones and potential in the economy of the country.

Keywords: Free Economic Zone, Sea potential, infrastructure, port, Porto-Franco, terminal

Salome Japaridze-Master of International Management Inviting Specialist at Batumi Shota Rustaveli State University. Georgia, Batumi

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Section: Sectoral And Regional Economy

L. Kotchlamazashvili , T. Kandashvili - Exsport Potential Of The West Georgian AgriculturalSector

The world's most developed country experience clearly shows that the export policy production, investing its national economy and foreign investments in terms of priority areas improves the competitiveness of domestic production and is realistically possible to achieve economic growth.

Georgia has a very important economic, industrial and labor-technical potential, as well as natural - climatic conditions, which ensures a high level of scale and export potential.

The paper deals with potential export of the nuts, subtropical crops and blueberries, which is demand in neighboring markets as well as in European markets.

According to statistical data of the three products in recent years, demand has increased significantly. It is desirable to develop a similar program for the citrus production and a special program for blueberries, under which the Ministry of Agriculture emissions subsidies, which will help to further the export of Agriculture and the country's economic growth.

Keywords: Agricultural Sector, Nuts, nut production, Citrus culture, Blueberries production

 Lela Kotchlamazashvili - PhD in Economics, Georgian Technical University, Professor. Georgia, Tbilisi

Teimuraz Kandashvili - PhD in Economics, Georgian Technical University, Professor. Georgia, Tbilisi

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Section: Sectoral And Regional Economy

N. Vdovenko - Modern Processes Of Diversification Of Fisheries Towards Aquaculture Development

In the article we have studied that the purpose of the systematization and grouping of economic information on fisheries production, obtaining reliable indicators of reproduction, growing and catching of aquaculture products, a successful organization, it is necessary to regulate the processes of development of subjects of fisheries in aquaculture. This process is grown products at the enterprises of aquaculture from products derived from wildlife are noted. It examines the nature of this distribution, that is, the possibility of applying appropriate instruments to regulate the industry development and implementation of the assessment of the extent of fish production. In the development of proposals, in the research process, we proposed modern ideas about the information received. It will be important to monitor the development of the aquaculture sector, and is the basis for proper regulation of supply and demand of aquaculture products (both marketable fish and fish stocking material) in the domestic market.

It was considered that aquaculture is a specific character of the object of production – fish produced artificially mainly controlled by human conditions. In order to fully use this advantage, you must be well-informed about all the changes that occur in fish stocks and their species composition, available production capacity. A condition of receipt of such information from the sector is well organized primary account of the production processes and consolidated accounting of harvested fish and other aquatic biological resources. Here it is necessary to focus state regulation on issues of food security of Ukraine, where a significant role to play fish supplies, given its high utility value. To achieve these objectives it is the necessary information about the changes that occur in fish stocks. Also their species composition and available capacities in the fishing industry in the context of integration processes are interested.

During the start of the study, we determined the shortcomings of the existing system to obtain indicators on these forms. It is established that this system does not fully meets the needs of Gosrybagentstvo of Ukraine to obtain information to perform its functions. The function distribution between economic entities that are engaged in the fisheries are studied. The quotas for the special use of water bioresources and the presence of indicators in the context of the respondents are investigated. According to the legislation information on the status of fisheries is available only in aggregate form. Identified in the process of variance analysis between actual and statistical data can be eliminated by prescribing the structure of gross aquaculture production by categories of farms, fishing enterprises, state-owned enterprises, farms, other subjects of managing

Keywords:diversification, regulation, fisheries, agriculture, industry, aquaculture, market, European integration, the technique

Nataliia Vdovenko - Doctor of Economics, Professor, and Honored Agriculture Worker of Ukraine Head of the Department of Global Economics, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine.

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Section: Sectoral And Regional Economy

L. Tsetskhladze - Infrastructure As Factor Of Development Of Small And Medium Business

There are discussed notions of “Infrastructure” and “Infrastructure of small and medium business” in the article. One of the main reason of successful acting in the market of small and medium business is infrastructure and infrastructure condition. There are representedmain elements and objects of enterprise infrastructure in the following article. We can see essential role of government support in small business infrastructure for promotion future economic development of country.

Keywords: small and large Business, infrastructure, innovation, support measures, govermment support.

Leila Tsetskhladze - Doctor of Business Administration. Assistant Professor of Batumi Shota Rustaveli Shtate University. Georgia, Batumi

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Section: Sectoral And Regional Economy

M. Putkaradze - Cruise Liner – Safe Tourist Product

All cruise ships are constructed according to IMO and IMO strict requirements, which define safety standards on cruise ships, the norms adopted for the protection of human life safety at sea, provided by the SOLAS, 74 Convention. The Cruise liner's structural design and production is based on modern, improved technology, as a cruise in the field of tourism is considered as a comfortable, reliable and safe vacation sphere. Globalization of tourism markets, the introduction of sciences and the latest technologies and technologies in the cruise service practice in shipbuilding enables naval travels to be more successful in the competition of. The cruise product has become more - diverse, - the cruise market is more - segmented, and the cruise shipbuilding is more - specialized. Cruise can be considered as a safe and reliable vacation sphere in terms of observance of safety norms on marine lenses and special procedures for these norms.

Keywords:   Cruise, Marine Transport, Safe Transport, Globalization of tourism, Modern Tourism Product.

Marina Putkaradze - Georgian Technical University , PhD Student . Georgia, Tbilisi

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Section: Sectoral And Regional Economy

M. Putkaradze - Maritime Transport In International Business Operations

The article is devoted to the analysis of the share of maritime transport in the system of international commercial traffic. Key transport conditions of the foreign trade contract identified, which highlighted the role and structure of the transport component in the contract. It was shown the comparative analysis of the share of the main modes of transport in international business by country and by type of transportation. The dynamics of the impact of maritime transport was shown on the development of international business transactions in general. It was determined the factors affecting the servicing of international business operations, which specifically refer to the role of maritime transport. It was determined the main problems hindering the active development of sea transport and was proposed the ways of their possible solutions.

Keywords: transport communication system, transport conditions of foreign trade contract, incoterms, sea transport, the transport component in international business operation, sea shipping.

Marina Putkaradze - Georgian Technical University , PhD Student . Georgia, Tbilisi

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Section: Sectoral And Regional Economy

L. Jakhaia - Development Of   Cooperatives In Georgia

Forming the industrial cooperation in Georgia started in the second half of the 19th century. In the 20ies of the 20tieth century experience of cooperation work became more developed and of relevant range. During this period cooperative societies were established, where hundreds of subjects were cooperating. Experience of private, individual proprietorship of industry and farming cooperation phases out in the soviet period and this practice is being forgotten.            

Since the 90 ties of the 20th century, after moving to the market economy, farm enterprise and its development are conducted by farming industry, though, individual farming economy did not have the desirable and enough effect. In order to get the appropriate results   it is necessary to consolidate the farming economy as a co-operative society. For this reason legislative base was created, which laid the foundation to forming the co-operative society and its development.

Keywords: agriculture, farming industry, cooperation, effectiveness, entrepreneur, business, marketing, ownership, scale of production

Lela Jakhaia – Batumi Shota Rustaveli State University. PhD Faculty of Business and Economics. Georgia, Batumi

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Section: Social Economy

L. Zlotnikova - Gender Contradictions Of Economic Theory And Practice Of Social

The urgency of addressing to the problem of gender contradictions of social development is due to many reasons. First, the widely rooted stereotypes of perception of life, the sources of its development. Secondly, the use of economic theory and the humanities of axiomatic methodology. Third, the domination of narrow specialization and differentiation of research subjects in economic theory, sociology, psychology, etc. Fourthly, despite radical changes in the structure of development sources, economic science shyly uses new concepts, studies new processes and phenomena. The most important at the moment are human or hidden capital. Formation of the latter to the present day remains the most important duty of women.

Keywords: gender structure, gender employment, socialization, hidden capital, inequality, values, household, family, woman

Lidiya Zlotnikova - Belarusian trade and economic university of consumer cooperation, Cand.Econ.Sci., associate professor, Republic of Belarus, Gomel

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Section: Social Economy

A. Tsintsadze., L. Meloian-Putkaradze - State Social Policy In The Segment Of Pension Prousion

The article discusses the pension systems of the various countries providing state pensions. It demonstrates the existing reality in provision of pension. It was studied the size of pensions, wages, the pension replacement ratio and social tax. The research of comparison method shows that, the countries, where the average salary is high, accordingly the pension provision is high too. The low provision of the existing pension system is directly linked to the development of country’s economic and demographic problems. By the aim of problem research it was carried out a survey of pensioners.

According to the data it is defined the benefit function of a pension and it is calculated that size of pension, which is priority for 64% of the polled. It is established the phased measures of problem solving.

Keywords: Replacement ratios, the ratio of pension provision, the benefit function of pension, the minimum wage, the demographic problem.

Asie Tsintsadze –PhD in Economics, Batumi Shota Rustaveli State University, Professor. Georgia, Batumi

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Lilit meloiani-Putkaradze –PhD in Business Administration, Batumi Shota Rustaveli State University, Assistant Professor

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Section: Social Economy

I. Chkhaidze - Demographic Problems In Gerogia And Methods Of Their Settlement

Nowadays demographic problems, which threaten separate nations including the Georgian nation, are very important. During more than two decades Georgia faces this threat which is caused by a difficult economic situation and an unstable situation in the country.

This article deals with studying of the reasons of the demographic problems in Georgia (annual reduction of the population, falling of the level of birth rate to the crisis point, high number of mortality and stillbirth, decrease in natural growth of the population, reduction of the number of able-bodied population, a tendency of growth of population aging, large-scale external and internal processes of migration) and the analysis of the current problems of the changes in this sphere.

Since the end of the 20th century the main reasons of population aging and decrease of population are high rate of mortality and stillbirth, falling of the number of birth rate to the critical point, large-scale internal and external processes of migration (migration of rural inhabitants to the cities). It is recommended to carry out active consistent policy by the state to prevent these migration processes. Thus, demographic development of the country, migration processes and natural movement of the population significantly influences social and economic development of the country.

Keywords: demographic problems; controlling role of the state.

Irma Chkhaidze - Doctor of Economics, Associate Professor of Batumi Shota Rustaveli State University. Georgia, Batumi.

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Section: Finance And Banking Policy

L. Beridze - Reserch Banking Competition By National Legislation

Both for Georgia and for any countries important segment is country’s financial sector and its development level. In Gerogia major players of financial sectors are commercial banks and their total capital assets is much larger than other institutions. By the modern approaches there is no a common position about banking competition metodology, moreover often is not possible to summarize the issue with regard to how much of a positive affect can bring competition in the banking sector to the country’s economic stability. However, there are more or less developed indicators, which can give us a general idea of banking competition and concetration. at the same time, it is important to conduct sorvey by domestic legislation, of course if we have.

Keywords: competition, concentration, degree of inequality, Lind index, dominant position, CR3, CR5

Lasha Beridze - PHD Students of Kutaisi University,Batumi Shota Rustaveli State University, Invited teacher. Georgia, Batumi

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Section: State And Municipal Management

L. Qoqiauri - State And Legal Regulation Of The Investment Process

Complex state investment policy, directed towards creation of advantage investment surrounding in the country, its regions and fields of industrial production, essentially grows inflow of investment resources into the economy. For this the state must process firm conception of investment policy, in which the most central place is occupied by the methodology of estimation investment consisting parts of the economy.

Relatively wider investment consisting part of the economy is the totality of normative-legislative, social and ecological conditions, which defines type and dynamics of the process of further production, which provides trustfulness and effectiveness of the invested capital.

A role and importance of investment policy is large in the business of economical development of the country. Effective usage of investment potential existed in the national economy and its appropriate resources greatly depends on it, which finally conditions achievement of firm economical growth, recovering of investment potential, further production of basic industrial funds and this is achieved by processing investment policy of modern type.

State regulation of investment processes – this is totality of those forms and methods, which provide: unity of private and state interests; formation of rational proportions among usage, accumulation and investments; correlation between prediction of at investment market, indicated regulating and activities of state influence.

Therefore, the necessity to regulate the state legal regulation of the investment process is raised on the foreground in our work, searching of new state instruments of regulation is necessary in the investment domain; they must form advantage climate for capital investments, which will be adequate to the objects of stimulating savings and cardinal changing of total economical situation, real alternatives for coming out of investment crisis situation are not oriented towards resources of savings, which are made by the market subjects. Today it is necessary to direct even small savings to the investment domain by protecting marketing principles for solving the most important problems in the sector of private industry.

Keywords: investment, investment laws, investment regulation, foreign investment, investment bisiness, financial investment, investment policy, investment market, financial assets, resources, portfolio investments, investment planning.

Lamara Qoqiauri - Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Member of the Academy of Economic Sciences of Georgia and Scientific Academy of New York. Georgia, Tbilisi

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Section: State And Municipal Management

O. Demikhov - Elements Of The Public Administrative Mechanism In Housing Sector

Modern housing sector of post-soviet countries needs modernization. Changes for the better are possible in the formation of a new system of this sector. Management is based not only on the vertical structure of power, and on a mixed (network, flexible) management, which includes both state and local education, as well as various forms of people organization. The above subject is relevant for all settlements - from cities to townships as moral and physical deterioration of the housing stock is growing, and search management solutions of this problem is on the agenda for all levels of government. Mechanisms of control housing sector involve interrelated set of activities and tools that are necessary for the effective functioning of the industry, important for the state. We see intersectoral coordination as element of the public administrative mechanism in housing sector. The crossing several areas of interest in the housing sector ensures impetus for further development. The next element of the public administrative mechanism is strategic planning of the industry profile of the Control Ministry of Regional Development, Construction and Housing and Communal Services of Ukraine. The third element of the public administrative mechanismis the secure communication due interests of different groups of influence (such as state government authorities, local governments, business and the population) and the three objectives of reform - reform decentralization (deconcentration) authorities, housing reform and regional development reform. The housing sector of the country is a marker of crossing various interest groups of influence and reform goals (see fig.1). All elements of public administration have characteristic common tools (see fig. 2). These tools provide the total system of elements of the public administrative mechanism in housing sector. Grouping of elements and instruments of the public administrative mechanism allows detailed analysis of this perspective and identify priority areas for further effective scientific research.

Keywords: housing, intersectoral coordination, strategic planning, housing reform, infrastructure of the city, local self-government.

Oleksii Demikhov - PhD-student, Department of Management, Sumy State University Sumy, Ukraine

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Section: State And Municipal Management

V. Melko-The Public Regulation Of Insurance Of Construction Activities In Ukraine

The article deals with the public regulation of insurance of construction activities in Ukraine. The dynamics of the construction industry development and insurance products supply are analyzed. It is proved that the construction industry and insurance products in the area to diminish construction risks are developing now in Ukraine very dynamically. It was concluded that it is appropriate to introduce total insurance coverage instead of individual risks coverage. In this case insurance protects against significant financial lost and eliminates the need for maintenance of reserve funds, diverting investment capital.

Keywords: construction, construction risks insurance, public regulation of construction activities.

Vladimir Melko- Graduate student of the ChernihivNational University of Technology, Ukraine, Chernihiv

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Section: World Economy

N. Shalimova, H. Kuzmenko - Ukraine In The International Rankings: Conditions For Entrepreneurship And Influence Of Tax Environment

ThestateofdevelopmentofentrepreneurshipinUkraineaccordingtothenumberandstructureofbusinessentitiesandtheirtypesandsizeswereanalysed. Theindicatorsthatforminternationalrankings"Doing Business"и"Paying Taxes" were studied. The influence of the indicators that characterize the state taxation system on the values ​​of the international rankings was determined. The changes in the rankings of Ukraine during 2010-2017 were analyzed. A comparative analysis of the place of Ukraine among other countries of the world in accordance with the international rankings of "Doing Business" and "Paying Taxes" was made. The results of a detailed comparative analysis of Ukraine and Georgia are presented. The main negative factors that determine the low competitive positions of the tax system of Ukraine were singled out. The trends of optimization of the tax environment of Ukraine have been specified.

Keywords: entrepreneurship, business entities, taxation system, international rankings, "Doing Business" ranking, "Paying Taxes" ranking.

Natalyya Shalimova - Doctor of Economics, Professor, Head of the Department ofAudit and Taxation, Сentral Ukrainian National Technical University. Ukraine, Kropivnicki

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Halyna Kuzmenko - PhD in Economics (Candidate of Economic Sciences), Honored Economist of Ukraine, Associate Professor of the Department of Audit and Taxation, Сentral Ukrainian National Technical University. Ukraine, Kropivnicki

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